10 Key Principles of Interior Design

Updated: Nov 13, 2018


Interior design is more than just picking a few throw pillows and adding an accent chair. Anyone that knows me, knows I LOVE to decorate almost as much as I love being a real estate agent. In fact when I list a home one of the first things I do is help my clients stage their home to make sure it includes many of these elements. Creating the right style, mood and ambiance is a thoughtful mixing of design elements to form the desired look. Natural stone, reclaimed wood, soft fabrics and subtle colors are all design tools which blend in just the right way to build the style of your home.


There are 10 key principles used in the field of Interior Design


  1. Vision - The vision must be established at the very start. Will your home be a sleek, modern home with industrial elements or perhaps more traditional? Every detail should reflect the vision.

  2. Unity - This is the main principle of design and every design feature must harmonize with the vision. Everything placed in the space should have a design purpose and complement the room. If it doesn’t it will just feel like CLUTTER!

  3. Space - How much space is available and what function does it serve? For instance, you want your living room to be beautiful but also available and functional for the whole family to enjoy.

  4. Light–A kitchen might be light and bright while a master bedroom could be subtle and relaxing.

  5. Balance - This principle is used to ensure the space has a balance of elements which create a visual balance to the eye.

  6. Movement - Movement is achieved through texture. Lines or patterns in the design elements can move the eye through the room.

  7. Color - Nothing can be more important than color. Each hue offers a different sense of well-being. A blue or green room is relaxing while red creates excitement and energy.

  8. Emphasis - A special piece of furniture or bright wall can add interest to the space.

  9. Contrast - Typically used with color, form or light, contrasting objects or forms can create a virtual division within a space for different functions.

  10. Finishes and Fixtures - Designers use the smaller finishes to add detail and cohesion.

Have a design question or thinking about how to stage your home to sell? Reach out anytime kbrechka@gmail.com

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